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Diversity Series: Opposing opposition and defiance - A guide to ODD for teachers

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Oppositional Defiant Disorder is more common than most parents and educators may think. Here are some ways to help administrators and teachers establish a plan for handling students with these behavioural characteristics. Read more


List of Oppositional Defiance Disorder schools

 
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  • Mississauga, Ontario
    Erin Mills Parkway/Argentia Rd
  • JK to 12 Coed
  • $19,590 to $66,850

Oakwood Academy is a special education private school in Mississauga. It offers programs from pre-school to grade 12. Oakwood also offers a unique 6 week summer camp focusing on social skills and emotional development.

  • Day
  • Progressive
Oakwood Academy 19590 Kindergarten Elementary MiddleSchools HighSchools Day Coed
  • Wellandport, Ontario
  • 5 to 12 Boys
  • $53,965 to $57,965

Robert Land Academy is a private military-themed boarding school (Gr 5-12) helping boys to achieve their potential and gain admission to post-secondary programs.

  • Boarding
  • Traditional
Robert Land Academy 53965 MiddleSchools HighSchools Boarding Boys
  • Amaranth, Ontario
  • PS to 8 Coed
  • $9,154 to $10,965

The Maples is a private IB school in Orangeville, ON from PS to grade 8. Tuition starts at $8500. The Maples offer daily French instruction starting in PS.

  • Day
  • Traditional
  • International Baccalaureate
The Maples Academy 9154 Preschool Kindergarten Elementary MiddleSchools Day Coed
  • Toronto, Ontario
    Ellesmere Rd/Birchmount Rd
  • PS to 12 Coed
  • $13,000 to $34,300

Bond Academy is a private, co-educational, non-denominational independent school with students from Montessori Casa to Grade 12.

  • Day/Boarding
  • Liberal Arts
Bond Academy 13000 Preschool Kindergarten Elementary MiddleSchools HighSchools Day Boarding Coed
  • Breslau, Ontario
  • 9 to 12 Coed
  • $10,760 to $27,680

Students receive an excellent education which prepares them well for university, college and a wide variety of workplaces.

  • Day/Homestay
  • Liberal Arts
Woodland Christian High School 10760 HighSchools Day Homestay Coed
  • Belleville, Ontario
  • 1 to 12 Coed
  • $24,500 to $75,900

We are a licensed therapeutic boarding school for Gr. 1-12 students requiring individualized academic, clinical, and behaviour-management solutions in small class sizes and professional home environments.

  • Boarding/Day
  • Progressive
Applewood Academy for Progressive Learning 24500 Elementary MiddleSchools HighSchools Boarding Day Coed
  • North York, Ontario
    Avenue Road/Lawrence Avenue
  • 9 to 12 Coed
  • $15,175 to $19,175

AVRO Academy is an alternative high school in Toronto for grades 9 to 12. Students earn credits while developing skills that best prepares them for post secondary education. We focus on student strength!

  • Day
  • Progressive
AVRO Academy 15175 HighSchools Day Coed
  • Montreal, Quebec
    Atwater/Docteur-Penfield
  • 7 to 12 Girls
  • $16,850 to $55,271

Since 1861, The Sacred Heart School of Montreal, the city’s only all girls English Catholic high school, has been graduating exceptional leaders. Grade 12 will be offered beginning in 2019-2020.

  • Day/Boarding
  • Traditional
The Sacred Heart School of Montreal 16850 MiddleSchools HighSchools Day Day Boarding Girls
  • Whitby, Ontario
    Dundas St. E./Brock St. N.
  • 7 to 12 Coed
  • $14,995 to $20,795

Blyth Academy Whitby is a private school for Grade 6-12 students, conveniently located for students across the Durham Region.

  • Day
  • Liberal Arts
Blyth Academy Whitby 14995 MiddleSchools HighSchools Day Coed
  • Etobicoke, Ontario
  • JK to 6 Coed
  • $3,600 to $18,900

Oak Learners offers a creative learning atmosphere, working with your child’s unique learning style to inspire their strengths and interests.

  • Day
  • Reggio Emilia
Oak Learners 3600 Kindergarten Elementary Day Coed
  • Toronto, Ontario
    Bay St/Charles St W
  • 9 to 12 Coed
  • $17,995 to $23,395

Blyth Academy Yorkville is a private high school for Grade 9-12 students, located in the heart of downtown Toronto, moments away from some of Toronto’s most exciting cultural and entertainment venues.

  • Day
  • Liberal Arts
Blyth Academy Yorkville 17995 HighSchools Day Coed
  • Thornhill, Ontario
    Bayview Ave/John St
  • 9 to 12 Coed
  • $15,995 to $20,795

Blyth Academy Thornhill, located 30 minutes from downtown Toronto, focuses on personalized education, small class sizes, and experiential learning.

  • Day
  • Liberal Arts
Blyth Academy Thornhill 15995 HighSchools Day Coed
  • Ottawa, Ontario
    Churchill Ave N/Richmond Rd
  • 7 to 12 Coed
  • $16,395 to $22,625

Blyth Academy Ottawa focuses on personalized education, very small class sizes, and experiential learning for Grades 7-12. Big experience in a small school!

  • Day
  • Liberal Arts
Blyth Academy Ottawa 16395 MiddleSchools HighSchools Day Coed
  • Milton, Ontario
  • PS to 8 Coed
  • $12,000 to $12,850

Oxford Learning Academy – where your child will experience a homeschooling approach with the benefits of socialization in a small classroom environment. This Milton private school runs from PK to grade 8.

  • Day
  • Traditional
Oxford Learning Academy (Private School) 12000 Preschool Kindergarten Elementary MiddleSchools Day Coed
  • Milton, Ontario
    Tremaine Road/Hwy 401
  • PS to 3 Coed
  • $8,160 to $13,600

Montessori Country School has provided a first-class academic experience to students in an environment that is distinguished by its compassion, integrity and unwavering commitment to the individual child.

  • Day
  • Montessori
The Montessori Country School - Milton Campus 8160 Preschool Kindergarten Elementary Day Coed
  • Burlington, Ontario
    King Road/North Service Road
  • JK to 8 Coed
  • $8,700 to $13,600

BCA is Burlington’s leading Christian Elementary school, with over 160 students in Grades JK - 8. Featuring small class sizes and Signature Programming in the athletics, arts, and experiential learning.

  • Day
  • Traditional
Burlington Christian Academy 8700 Kindergarten Elementary MiddleSchools Day Coed
  • Toronto, Ontario
    University Ave./Dundas street
  • PS to 12 Coed
  • $13,750 to $24,000

Cornerstone Montessori Prep School is a Toronto Christian Montessori school with grades from nursery to 12. Tuition begins at $13,500.

  • Day
  • Liberal Arts
  • Montessori
Cornerstone Montessori Prep School 13750 Preschool Kindergarten Elementary MiddleSchools HighSchools Day Coed
  • Beamsville, Ontario
  • 9 to 12 Boys/Coed
  • $10,300 to $40,400

Great Lakes Christian High School offers programs for grades nine through 12 in Beamsville. It accepts day and boarding students.

  • Boarding/Day/Homestay
  • Liberal Arts
Great Lakes Christian High School 10300 HighSchools Boarding Day Homestay Boarding Boys Coed
  • Langley, British Columbia
  • 8 to 12 Coed
  • $2,700 to $4,500

Focus Foundation is a world-class educational and therapeutic learning institution, described by Dr. Charles Huffine, former President of the American Association of Community Psychiatrists.

  • Homestay/Day
  • Progressive
Whytecliff Agile Learning Centres 2700 HighSchools Homestay Day Coed
  • Montreal, Quebec
    Prud'homme/Boulevard Décarie
  • 7 to 11 Coed
  • $19,750

Centennial is the only high school in Quebec that helps students master their learning challenges and graduate on time. Over 90% of our students graduate in five years and go on to college and university.

  • Day
  • Traditional
Centennial Academy 19750 MiddleSchools HighSchools Day Coed
  • London, Ontario
    Ridout/Queen
  • 9 to 12 Coed
  • $15,995 to $20,795

We focus on personalized education, very small class sizes, and experiential learning. Our London campus is conveniently located in historic Ignatia Hall on the banks of the Thames.

  • Boarding/Day/Homestay
  • Liberal Arts
Blyth Academy London 15995 HighSchools Boarding Day Homestay Coed
  • Nobleton, Ontario
    15th Sideroad/Hwy 27
  • NS to 6 Coed
  • $9,000 to $18,000

For over 25 years, the Montessori Country School provides a first-class accredited curriculum for students 12 months through grade 6. The sprawling 10 acre campus offers a unique indoor and outdoor learning experience.

  • Day
  • Montessori
The Montessori Country School - Nobleton Campus 9000 Preschool Kindergarten Elementary Day Coed
  • Kanata, Ontario
  • 5 to 10 Coed
  • $18,000


  • Day
  • Progressive
Blue Sky School 18000 MiddleSchools HighSchools Day Coed
  • Rosthern, Saskatchewan
  • 10 to 12 Coed
  • $3,500 to $26,000

RJC is a grades 10-12 boarding school accredited by the Saskatchewan Ministry of Education. RJC is student and community-focused all while offering rigorous academics and exceptional athletic and fine arts programs.

  • Homestay/Day/Boarding
  • Progressive
Rosthern Junior College 3500 Homestay Day Boarding Coed
  • Toronto, Ontario
    Eglinton/Caledonia
  • PS to 6 Coed
  • $7,350 to $11,900

B.E.N. offers an engaging, caring learning community.Focus is on qualities and skills alongside Ontario Curriculum. Small class sizes, daily outdoor activities, art classes and workshop. Parenting workshops are offered.

  • Day
  • Progressive
B.E.N. School-House 7350 Preschool Kindergarten Elementary Day Coed
  • North York, Ontario
    Dufferin/Lawrence
  • PS to 8 Coed
  • $19,000 to $25,000

Magnificent Minds Inc. caters to learners whose needs are not being met in traditional school environments, pursuing academic excellence, and individual greatness.

  • Day
  • Traditional
Magnificent Minds 19000 Preschool Kindergarten Elementary MiddleSchools Day Coed
  • Mississauga, Ontario
  • PS to 8 Coed
  • $8,800 to $15,490

Meadow Green Academy offers programs from pre-school to grade eight in Mississauga. Its average class size is 12 students.

  • Day
  • Traditional
  • Montessori
Meadow Green Academy 8800 Preschool Kindergarten Elementary MiddleSchools Day Coed
  • Ancaster, Ontario
    Rymal Road West/Glancaster Road
  • 9 to 12 Coed
  • $12,510 to $16,800

At Hamilton District Christian High we believe exceptional learning is for every student. Our aim is to differentiate learning so that each student can reach their full potential through Project-Based learning.

  • Day/Homestay
  • Progressive
Hamilton District Christian High 12510 HighSchools Day Homestay Coed
  • Mississauga, Ontario
  • 6 to 12 Coed
  • $16,995 to $23,395

Blyth Academy Mississauga is a flourishing private middle and high school housed in unique heritage buildings. We focus on personalized education, very small class sizes, and experiential learning.

  • Day
  • Liberal Arts
Blyth Academy Mississauga 16995 MiddleSchools HighSchools Day Coed
  • Toronto, Ontario
    Yonge St/Sheppard Ave
  • 8 to 12 Coed
  • $399 to $499 /course

Ontario Virtual School is an Ontario Government approved credit-granting institution offering high school level courses for Grades 9-12 in an interactive online format. Students can start anytime with 24/7 access.

  • eSchool/Day
  • Traditional
Ontario Virtual School 399 HighSchools eSchool Day Coed
  • Etobicoke, Ontario
  • PS to 5 Coed
  • $12,000

For the past 36 years Kingsley Primary School offers programs from junior kindergarten to grade five in Etobicoke. Its average class size is eight to 12 students.

  • Day
  • Progressive
  • Reggio Emilia
Kingsley Primary School 12000 Preschool Kindergarten Elementary Day Coed
  • Toronto, Ontario
    Warden/HWY401
  • 9 to 12 Coed
  • $599 to $949 /course

Toronto eSchool is both an online high school and a tutoring centre offering grade 9 to 12 credit courses to local and international students on a part-time or full-time basis. Special needs students are welcomed!

  • Day
  • Traditional
Toronto eSchool 599 HighSchools Day Coed
  • Brockville, Ontario
  • 6 to 12 Coed
  • $14,120 to $58,915

Fulford Academy is a day/boarding school in Brockville, Ontario, offering programs for grade 6-12. The average student/teacher ratio is 7:1, and STEM + Arts is the core of our Academic Programming.

  • Day/Boarding
  • Progressive
Fulford Academy 14120 MiddleSchools HighSchools Day Boarding Coed
  • Toronto, Ontario
    Bathurst St./Eglinton Ave. West
  • PS to 6 Coed
  • $8,500 to $15,500

NOW WITH LICENSED DAYCARE! Bring your child for a free trial to let him or her experience the difference. Don't be surprised if he or she doesn't want to go home at the end of the day!

  • Day
  • Montessori
Alive Montessori & Private School 8500 Preschool Kindergarten Elementary Day Coed
  • Burlington, Ontario
    Lakeshore Rd/Brant St
  • 5 to 12 Coed
  • $13,595 to $20,795

Blyth Academy Burlington, located in Village Square in the heart of downtown Burlington, offers not only our outstanding Grades 9–12 program but also a middle years program and facilities for students in Grades 5–8.

  • Day
  • Liberal Arts
Blyth Academy Burlington 13595 MiddleSchools HighSchools Day Coed
  • Toronto, Ontario
    Queen St./Ossington Ave.
  • 7 to 12 Coed
  • $26,960

University of Toronto Schools (UTS) offers a transformative education to high-achieving students in Grades 7 to 12. UTS graduates take initiative and innovate as socially responsible global citizens.

  • Day
  • Liberal Arts
University of Toronto Schools 26960 MiddleSchools HighSchools Day Coed
  • Kitchener, Ontario
    King St W/Francis St S
  • 7 to 12 Coed
  • $14,995 to $20,795

At Blyth Academy Waterloo we are building an active and dynamic school community. We offer not only our outstanding Grades 9–12 program but also a middle school program and facilities for students in Grades 7–8.

  • Day
  • Liberal Arts
Blyth Academy Waterloo 14995 MiddleSchools HighSchools Day Coed
  • North York, Ontario
    Keele/Sheppard
  • 5 to 12 Coed
  • $16,395 to $22,625

Blyth Academy Downsview Park offers outstanding education coupled with unique opportunities for student-athletes to engage in sports-specific and fitness training throughout their regular school day.

  • Day
  • Liberal Arts
Blyth Academy Downsview Park 16395 MiddleSchools HighSchools Day Coed
  • Harrow, Ontario
    Concessions Rd 6 S/Hwy 18
  • 1 to 8 Boys
  • $8,500 to $29,000

St. Peter's ACHS College School in Amherstburg, Ont. is a day/residency school for boys grades 1-8 who love Sports and the Outdoors. Tuition starts at $8,900. and is a member of OFIS. We put "FUN" back into learning.

  • Day/Boarding
  • Traditional
  • Montessori
St. Peter's ACHS College School 8500 Elementary MiddleSchools Day Boarding Boys
  • Barrie Area, Ontario
  • 7 to 12 Coed
  • $1 /program

Venture Academy is a therapeutic treatment and education program for students who may be struggling with ADHD, learning challenges, underachieving, behavioural issues, and a variety of clinical diagnoses.

  • Homestay
  • Traditional
Venture Academy Troubled Teens Program (ON) 1 MiddleSchools HighSchools Homestay Coed
  • Toronto, Ontario
    Yonge St/Lawrence Ave
  • 7 to 12 Coed
  • $17,995 to $23,395

Our campus located in midtown Toronto provides the warmth and community of a neighbourhood school. We are a short distance from our partners at the Royal Ontario Museum and Outward Bound at the Evergreen Brickworks.

  • Day
  • Liberal Arts
Blyth Academy Lawrence Park 17995 MiddleSchools HighSchools Day Coed
  • Mississauga, Ontario
    Hurontario/Queensway
  • 1 to 12 Coed
  • $19,725 to $22,600

Team School offers programs from grades 1 to 12 in Mississauga. Its average class size is 8 to 12 students.

  • Day
  • Traditional
TEAM School 19725 Elementary MiddleSchools HighSchools Day Coed
  • Etobicoke, Ontario
    Bloor St./Jane St.
  • 9 to 12 Coed
  • $17,995 to $23,395

Blyth Academy Etobicoke, located in Toronto's west end, focuses on personalized education, small class sizes, and experiential learning.

  • Day
  • Liberal Arts
Blyth Academy Etobicoke 17995 HighSchools Day Coed
  • North Vancouver, British Columbia
  • K to 12 Coed
  • $25,150 to $26,200

KGMS/Maplewood provides supportive individual and small group instruction for students with learning differences.

  • Day
  • Progressive
Kenneth Gordon Maplewood School 25150 Kindergarten Elementary MiddleSchools HighSchools Day Coed
  • Ottawa, Ontario
    Donald St/Frances St
  • NS to 8 Coed
  • $9,000 to $10,300

Providence Academy is the only Private French Catholic School offering a trilingual program of study in Ontario with classes from nursery to grade eight. Tuition: $8,800-10,300. Extracurricular activities: $600-$650.

  • Day
  • Progressive
  • Reggio Emilia
Academie Providence 9000 Preschool Kindergarten Elementary MiddleSchools Day Coed
  • Toronto, Ontario
    Avenue Road/Davenport Road
  • 9 to 12 Coed
  • $2,995

Blyth Academy Online is a private school for Grades 9 to 12. We offer over 100+ affordable course which can be accessed 24 hours a day, every day of the year. 95% of our students succeed with Blyth Academy Online.

  • eSchool
  • Liberal Arts
Blyth Academy Online School 2995 HighSchools eSchool Coed
  • Ottawa, Ontario
    Baseline Rd./Woodroffe Ave.
  • NS to 8 Coed
  • $12,850 to $19,675

Bishop Hamilton Montessori School is a Christian Montessori school in Ottawa, Ontario, with classes from Infants to grade eight.

  • Day
  • Montessori
Bishop Hamilton Montessori School 12850 Preschool Kindergarten Elementary MiddleSchools Day Coed
  • Red Deer Area, Alberta
  • 7 to 12 Coed
  • $1 /program

Venture Academy is a therapeutic treatment and education program for students who may be struggling with ADHD, learning challenges, underachieving, behavioural issues, and a variety of clinical diagnoses.

  • Homestay
  • Traditional
Venture Academy Troubled Teens Program (AB) 1 MiddleSchools HighSchools Homestay Coed
  • Ottawa, Ontario
    Strandherd/Tartan
  • JK to 8 Coed
  • $4,315 to $14,935

Ottawa Christian School is an independent Christian day school, educating children from Junior Kindergarten to Grade 8 for a life of faithful Christian discipleship and service.

  • Day
  • Liberal Arts
Ottawa Christian School 4315 Kindergarten Elementary MiddleSchools Day Coed
  • Woodbridge, Ontario
    Kipling/Highway 7
  • 9 to 12 Coed
  • $15,500 to $20,190

We believe in project-based learning, enfolding, engaging and empowering students, and fantastic parent-teacher communication. We offer family friendly tuition with transportation included.

  • Day/Homestay
  • Liberal Arts
Toronto District Christian High School 15500 HighSchools Day Homestay Coed

ODD student

Teaching students with unique learning and behavioural characteristics has defined some of the most memorable moments in my education career thus far. Certain colourful events stand out as the most trying as well as the most rewarding. I learn something new about myself as an educator from each student I teach. If teachers can learn to view these "colourful" moments as learning opportunities for both ourselves and the students, it becomes easier to see their growth as individuals through the challenges.

What is Oppositional Defiant Disorder?

Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) is one of the more common behavioural disorders among children and adolescents, affecting between 1% and 16% of youth, depending on where the statistic comes from. ODD is defined as a pattern of defiant, hostile and disobedient behaviour directed towards adult authority figures. Common behaviours include: angry outbursts, temper tantrums, rebellious actions, arguing with adults and passive or active refusal to obey rules or instructions. Children and adolescents with ODD can also demonstrate hostility, negativity and spitefulness. Needless to say, these behaviours can be quite disruptive and challenging for teachers to manage in a mainstream classroom!

The most important thing for teachers and administrators to understand is that the hostility and defiance is not usually a personal attack against the authority figure. Students with ODD are not usually discriminatory, but will react in a similarly defiant manner to all authority-wielding figures. Yet, with preventative planning and a great deal of patience, ODD behaviours do not always have to result in disruption of lessons and routines.

Supporting Students with Oppositional Defiant Disorder

The most important first step when dealing with a student who has ODD is to establish a strong team of support for the student, including all teachers, support workers, parents and administrators. Establish a set of guidelines for dealing with defiant and oppositional behaviours that everyone can agree to uphold. During this process, set up a plan of action. Try to account for the usual reactions to instructions or rules and decide as a team how you will react. Also decide what kind of behaviours can be ignored–remember to choose your battles!

Students with ODD need to feel like they have some control over what happens in their life, so try to offer choices, ensuring that both options are ones that you can live with. This has been one of my greatest challenges as a teacher–I always want to offer one choice that I want to happen and make the second choice something unreasonable. But, as former students can attest to, they will always choose the one that they think you don't want them to. So, be prepared to actually stay at school until 9pm with them, if that is a choice that slips out of your mouth. Follow through, or they won't take you seriously next time you offer a choice!

Most importantly, don't react emotionally in the heat of the moment. Defiant behaviour can really get under your skin. Take a deep breath, a physical step backwards and think it through. Go back to the established plan, and remind the student of their choices and the outcomes for all choices. If you, as a teacher and professional, can keep your cool, you will be a step closer to opposing the opposition.

It is important to remember that ODD behaviours are the result of a mental health disorder, which can be difficult to distinguish from "normal" defiant and independence seeking behaviours in young adults. With treatment and behaviour therapy, students with ODD can learn to control their behaviour and find other ways of dealing with their anger and coping with stressful situations. This reaffirms how important the teacher's role is in being supporting of building a behaviour management plan that will assist the child in learning more constructive ways of managing their own behaviour.

—Kelly Farrell
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