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Canadian provincial grade levels

Comparing the education and grade levels of provinces in Canada

The education system in Canada is an interesting one. And it continues to evolve.


Below, we look at two main features of this system. First, we describe the main levels of education in Canada. We then compare the grade structure of all provinces and territories.

Levels of education

Canadian provincial grade structures

Each province in Canada has its own grade structure. Below, we outline the grade structures of all 12 Canadian provinces (source: Wikipedia entry on Education in Canada). This includes Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, the Northwest Territories, Nova Scotia, Ontario, PEI, Quebec, Saskatchewan, and the Yukon.

 

Alberta

 

Elementary

Junior High

High

 

 

Kindergarten

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

 

British Columbia

 

Primary

Intermediate

 

Secondary

 

 

Kindergarten

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

 

Manitoba

 

Early years

Middle years

Senior years

 

 

Kindergarten

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

 

New Brunswick

 

Elementary

Middle

High

 

 

Kindergarten

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

 

Newfoundland and Labrador

 

Primary

Elementary

Junior high

Senior high

 

 

Kindergarten

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

Level I (10)

Level II (11)

Level III (12)

 

Northwest Territories

 

Primary

Intermediate

Junior secondary

Senior secondary

 

 

Kindergarten

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

 

Nova Scotia

 

Elementary

Junior high

Senior high

 

 

Primary

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

 

Ontario

Elementary

Middle

High

 

Junior kindergarten

Kindergarten

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

 

PEI

 

Elementary

Intermediate

Senior high

 

 

Kindergarten

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

 

Quebec

 

Primary school

Secondary school

College

Garderie (reschool)

Maternelle (Kindergarten)

1

2

3

4

5

6

7 (Sec. I)

8 (Sec. II)

9 (Sec. III)

10 (Sec. IV)

11 (Sec. V)

1st

2nd

3rd

Saskatchewan

 

Elementary

Middle

Secondary

 

 

Kindergarten

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

 

Yukon

 

Elementary

Junior secondary

Senior secondary

 

 

Kindergarten

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

 

More about Canadian provincial grade levels

Education is compulsory in all Canadian provinces for at least 10 years. Compulsory education begins in Grade 1, at the age of 5 or 6, and ends sometime in high school.

In most provinces, students must attend school until the age of 16 (around Grade 10). In Ontario, Manitoba, and New Brunswick, students are required to go to school up to the age of 18, or until a high school diploma is earned.

If you want to learn more about the Canadian education system, read our guide. You can also read our guide comparing Canada's grade structures to those of other countries.

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